This is a good, short overview of Aristotle’s Politics, one of the seminal works of the Just Third Way of Economic Personalism. The main point that we want to highlight in this presentation is Aristotle’s fundamental assumption that human beings associate in a consciously structured institutional environment — the community or pólis — by nature, that is, political, not by accident or mere convenience or expedience as many later philosophers (and the Sophists of Aristotle’s day) would have it. “Man,” as Aristotle said, “is by nature a political animal.”
That is, human beings are not mere members of a collective or isolated individuals, but “political animals” who realize their fullest humanity — i.e., become virtuous and thus happy — within a community, at one and the same time being both individuals and integral parts of the pólis. One caveat. This presentation is (relatively speaking) very brief, and it does not do any more than hint at the importance of private property in becoming virtuous . . . but you can’t have everything:
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