Many people today think that “distributive justice” means distribution based on need or high wages and benefits. In Aristotelian and Thomist philosophy, however, the former is charity, while the latter falls under “commutative” or strict justice. The idea that distributive justice means distributions based on need or is a form of “social justice” comes from nineteenth century socialism and has nothing to do with Aristotle’s concept of proportionality which governed his concept of distributive just . . . and Aristotle should know, as he invented the term.
Social justice makes distributive and commutative justice possible, it does not substitute for it. As for a just wage, perhaps we should instead speak of a just income, and enact the Economic Democracy Act:
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